3D print on stretch fabric
- story by MaterialDistrict
LABELEDBY. is a research and technological development studio, based in Eindhoven, the Netherlands, focusing on the possibilities of new techniques as 3D printing in combination with textile. By 3D printing on textile, the fabric’s shape becomes permanent.
For Ocean, inspiration from nature leaded towards the form of this sample. LABELEDBY. tried to transform the feeling of ocean residents into a tangible sample.
The flow and flexibility of a jellyfish inspired to create a flexible structure, that, at the same time, mimicked the rigid look of coral in the ocean. Using semi hard material in combination with flexible fabric forms an unstationary shape.
The 3D printer was used to print a 2D pattern on flat textile. The stretch in the textile creates the 3D form that pops up after 3D printing.
For generating this 2D pattern, digital mathematical functions were used. Using patterns that are generated through mathematics provide the freedom in the sense of fast adaptability. Due to the digital functions LABELEDBY. can easily generate a lot of different forms. Therefore, it becomes easier to do a lot of testing and sampling in a small amount of time to find the right balance between the stretch of the fabric and the pattern.
Using digital manufacturing techniques and digital functions brings us a step closer towards automation in textile.
The Flat Diamond sample is a part of the studio’s research on how to mimic authentic craftsmanship using digital manufacturing techniques. Using digital manufacturing techniques and digital functions brings us a step closer towards automation in textile. Smocking is a labor-intensive embroidery technique, practiced since the Middle Ages. The technique was used in garments to create flexibility in non-stretchable fabric in necklines and bodices.
LABELEDBY. tried to mimic the feel of this technique by 3D printing directly onto textile. By stretching the tule in the right ratio and 3D print on top of it we created equilibrium in this pop-up smocking sample.
Potential application of this new material is using the repeated structure in acoustic wall panels to regulate reverberation of sound.