Coquim coconut fibre
- story by MaterialDistrict
Coquim is made from coconut fibre and natural latex, the sap of the rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis. The material is renewable and fully biodegradable. It can be used for a multitude of products, including pots, plates, and blankets.
The material was initially developed to replace the popular Xaxim, also known as Dicksonia sellowiana, a fern plant native to the Atlantic Forest, which is used to make pots. However, because of intensive use, the plant is now included in the list of endangered species. Coquim has properties similar to Xaxim in retention of water and nutrients, and acts as a natural fungicide.
In order to meet society’s desire to use natural fibres as a substitute for synthetic, polluting and non-renewable materials, Coquim has been used in many applications: civil construction, architecture, landscaping, furniture decoration, thermo-acoustic plates, footwear industry, automobile, industrial filters, packaging, protection of slopes against soil erosion, green roofs and in several other sectors.
Coconut fibre, also known as coir, is a fibrous natural material found between the hard, internal shell and the outer coat of the coconut. Brown coir harvested from ripe coconuts is thick, strong and has a high abrasion resistance. The material is relatively waterproof, and the one of the few natural materials resistant to seawater.