A fully 3D printed construction made from earth
Italian 3D printing studio WASP completed the printing phase of their TECLA supporting structure, said to be the first fully 3D printed construction based on natural materials, namely earth, and made with multiple 3D printers operating simultaneously.
The construction was designed by Mario Cucinella Architects, as a circular model of housing entirely created with reusable and recyclable materials, which is clay. The material is sourced from local soil to create a climate neutral house that is adaptable to any climate and context.
Called TECLA, which stands for Technology and Clay, was constructed in Ravenna, Italy, with WASP’s brand new 3D printer, the Crane WASP. The Crane WASP is said to be the world’s first modular and multilevel 3D printer designed to collaboratively build singular and extensive architectural works. The system is configured according to project needs and defines the structure of a safe and extremely efficient construction site. Each printer unit has a printing area of 50 square meters and therefore makes it possible to build independent living modules, of any shape, in a few days.
While earth is one of the oldest construction materials, TECLA is “the peak of advanced research between matter and technology,” according to WASP. The double dome solution made it possible to cover at the same time the roles of structure, roof and external cladding, making the house high-performance on all aspects.
The final installation of TECLA and its presentation are scheduled for Spring 2021.